"I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah …I will put my law within them, and I will write it on their hearts” (v31-33). God promised to bring people back from Babylonian captivity to live in Judah again. Further, He promised to even restore “Israel,” the northern kingdom conquered by the Assyrians in prior centuries. In fact, the rescue Jeremiah prophesied was much greater than kings and empires – it was the New Covenant of the Messiah.
“For they shall all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest” (v34). The new covenant written in the blood of Jesus the Messiah opened God’s kingdom for Judah, Israel, and the whole earth.